The founders of Embry-Riddle were visionary entrepreneurs with dreams that gave rise to a reality bigger than their imaginations. Ninety years ago, The Embry-Riddle Company was founded to promote aviation by any profitable and legal means; air-mail carrier, aircraft sales, teaching the daring to fly, providing thrill rides, performing air shows, even transporting passengers on their scheduled mail routes. From a desk in a hotel lobby, the company can effectively be credited with operating the first air travel agency, having organized other mail carriers and selling their passenger space. The Embry-Riddle story runs deep into the roots and is present on every branch of aviation’s history.
On December 17, 1925, on the twenty-second anniversary of the Wright Brothers’ historic flight at Kitty Hawk, T. Higbee Embry and John Paul Riddle struck their deal. Embry was an entrepreneur who recognized the profitable possibilities of aviation. John Paul Riddle was the dashing barnstormer who as child questioned why God had not given him wings. He dreamed of flying before he knew that such a possibility was on the horizon. Together they launched The Embry-Riddle Company and maintained flexibility to adjust to demand and opportunity.
Riddle was raised by a father who was an educator both at home and professionally. He was a high school principal in rural Kentucky who taught his son to be a lifelong learner and a teacher. Despite the multifaceted nature of the early company, Riddle always dreamed of building an “Air University.” The company raised millions in a public offering, but that was in 1929. That history need not be retold. The money was lost, but the dream was not. By September 1930, the oldest school of aviation, Embry-Riddle, ceased operations. The partnership was over. Embry moved to California where he lived until his death in 1946. Riddle moved to New York, then to Dallas, and on to St. Louis, the new headquarters of American Airways (the surviving entity of the original company that had been sold off). In 1932, after less than a year in St. Louis with the fledgling airline, Riddle left the organization and moved to Florida – a location and climate he thought offered tremendous potential for aviation. He envisioned Miami as the gateway to South America, a new horizon for aviation.
Between his arrival in South Florida and 1939, Riddle had opened three aviation companies. A seaplane base on Biscayne Bay was his fourth endeavor, with a new partner, John McKay. They named it “Embry-Riddle School of Aviation.” Growth came swiftly and another base of operations was established at Miami’s Municipal Airport. The dashing, charismatic Riddle was known to anyone who had interests in aviation, including his friend Howard Hughes who called on him to act as tour guide and escort to his lady-friend, Jane Russell, while Hughes was busy making his deals. These were captivating times in a fashionable city, but the looming opportunity was anything but glamorous.
War drums were increasingly deafening across the Atlantic and growing louder in the Pacific. Riddle and McKay readied the school to train pilots and mechanics. Each had long believed that should another war come, airplanes would play a major role. Pearl Harbor proved them right.
Training facilities had already expanded to four different sites and cadets poured in from the Army Air Corps and the Royal Air Force. Five hundred cadets could be trained during each 9-week course that included 60 flight hours. The school’s Engine Division used assembly line tactics to train for overhaul. There was also an Instrument Department to instruct students to build and repair all variety of aviation instrumentation. The seaplane base continued operations during the war as an all-female division. Adjustments were made as necessary and resources were allocated where needed to maintain a flexible and efficient machine. The contributions of Embry-Riddle, providing pilots, mechanics and technicians to the allied war effort was undeniable and without precedent.
As was true for so many of the military-industrial complex, post-war Embry-Riddle realigned to define its new role. It became one of the first institutions approved to educate veterans under the new GI Bill. Before separating from the Navy, after the PT109 tragedy, even John F. Kennedy took a lesson with Embry-Riddle.
In 1944, John Paul Riddle set his sights on the burgeoning aviation industry in Brazil. A partnership that involved the Brazilian Air Ministry and Embry-Riddle was established in São Paulo. Within three years, under his leadership with 650 North American instructors, he turned it over to the Brazilian government having graduated 3,500 students.
Back in Miami, John McKay was focused on civil aviation. He reorganized and moved flight operations to Opa-Locka Airport. Space remained an issue, as the divisions were located miles apart. During the war in Korea, Embry-Riddle was contracted to train mechanics and technicians for the new United States Air Force.
In 1951, McKay died unexpectedly and his widow assumed the Presidency. By now, the school was named Embry-Riddle International School of Aviation and it was living up to the moniker. Its reputation was expanding globally as students from Europe, the Middle East, South and Central America, the Caribbean and the Far East returned to their countries to extol their Embry-Riddle education and launch their aviation careers.
Under Isabel McKay, the school reorganized as a non-profit entity and was renamed Embry-Riddle Aeronautical Institute. The non-profit status was a pragmatic move enabling the Board to accept philanthropic gifts in addition to the students’ tuition to help sustain programs and support growth.
A major turning point for the institute came in 1963 when a former Navy Commander with a notable aviation record of his own, was named President. Jack Hunt was a legend, having been awarded a trophy in 1958 by President Eisenhower, for piloting the longest nonstop, non-refueled trans-Atlantic flight in a blimp. Not unlike the founder Riddle, Hunt was handsome, charismatic and a true visionary. From the beginning of his tenure, he began laying the foundation to bolster enrollments, establish a centralized campus, foment ties with industry, and to earn academic accreditation – the last goal not likely given the technical nature of the institute. Not long after assuming his role, he was informed that the base of flight operations, Tamiami Airport, would soon close. He saw this not as a setback but as an opportunity to build a cohesive campus to support all the divisions, something he identified as necessary to gain accreditation.
An exhausting list of possible locations ended with the Ormond Beach Airport, about 260 miles north of Miami on the Atlantic coast. There was a hurdle, however. Beyond the airfield, there were no facilities to establish the campus. Neighboring Daytona Beach offered a temporary solution. On the airport property, there were vacant World War II era barracks, classrooms and offices that had been training facilities for the Army and Navy.
Over a weekend in April in 1965, everything the institute owned was either trucked or flown to Daytona Beach in “Operation Bootstrap.” Community volunteers manned thirty-one borrowed trucks to make a ragtag convoy. Even a hangar was dismantled, trucked and reassembled. Twenty aircraft completed the one-way flight and within a very short time, ERAI welcomed the next wave of future aviation professionals.
It only took a few short weeks for Jack Hunt and the Board to appreciate fully the financial commitment and effort the civic leaders and citizens of Daytona Beach had invested in Embry-Riddle. Genuinely grateful and touched by the generosity they witnessed, they opted to remain in Daytona Beach and to develop a campus befitting their vision.
That elusive accreditation was awarded in 1968 and university status was granted. In 1970 the name was changed to Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University – today recognized worldwide as the unrivaled pinnacle in aviation and aerospace education.
The cohesive campus that Jack Hunt envisioned for a thousand students began to take shape in those first few years. The college community he imagined started to evolve. Athletics returned, dormitories and academic buildings were constructed and student organizations were founded.
The story of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in this modern era is about confidence. Earlier than most, founders Embry and Riddle recognized the importance of aviation to the world and thus began a culture – focus on the future to identify opportunity and demonstrate the confidence to persevere. Providing education to military personnel on their bases was such an opportunity. The first remote location was established in 1970 at Fort Rucker, Alabama. Leadership in creative education spawned what is today theWorldwide Campus – operating in more than 150 centers around the globe, delivering award-winning online education, growing Embry-Riddle Asia in Singapore and India, and launching a new partnership in Brazil.
The residential campus in Prescott, Arizona opened in 1978 with 268 students in Aeronautical Science. Today, with more than 2,200 students and home to the nation’s only College of Security and Intelligence, it has gained prominence and distinction in its own right.
Offering more than eighty programs, conferring degrees from Associate’s to Doctorate, enrolling 30,000 students annually, with greater than 120,000 alumni, Embry-Riddle is a storied entrepreneurial endeavor that began ninety years ago, and the future is more promising than ever.
So, what opportunities are being examined today that will become the next chapters in the story of Embry-Riddle and the history of aviation? Radical designs for unmanned aerial vehicles occupy the list with other exciting developments in hybrid aircraft, exotic propulsion systems, safety innovations, clean air technologies, the Nextgen Air Transportation System, advancements in the business of aviation, and countless projects that exist in the imaginations of tomorrow’s students. Like those who conceived that our written word could be delivered instantly and wirelessly, some young minds are focused on the dematerialization of object and human to bring the teleporter to reality. When yet-to-be-imagined challenges arise, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University will reach into its history and draw upon its place in industry, to provide leadership, facilities and creative thought to achieve the extraordinary.
In its ninety years, Embry-Riddle’s time has been storied and celebrated. From then until now, its contributions made to aviation are incalculable. This anniversary is a time to reflect, appreciate and honor the achievements borne by great minds who possessed the foresight to invest in tomorrow. Now is the time for us to follow their lead: To engage, to discover, to imagine and to commit.